Bleeding-heart libertarianism is a mix of libertarianism with a mild form of egalitarianism: explicit concern for the least well off in society and willingness to consider steps that make them better off, even if these violate “thin” conceptions of liberty. The bleeding-heart libertarian case for open borders combines the libertarian case for open borders with the utilitarian and egalitarian cases.
Below are links to some blog posts and articles from the bleeding-heart libertarian perspective:
- Public Roads and the Right to Immiserate Would-Be Immigrants by Jason Brennan at the Bleeding Heart Libertarians blog. This references the starving Marvin hypothetical due to Michael Huemer.
- Justice at a Distance, a blog post by Fernando Teson at the Bleeding Heart Libertarians blog, which covers immigration as one of its points.
Blog posts and articles from non-bleeding heart libertarians arguing that bleeding-heart libertarians should take immigration more seriously:
- Libertarians and the Welfare State: Is It Time to Drop the Hard Line? by Bryan Caplan, where he counters bleeding-heart libertarians by arguing that support for the welfare state is an obstacle to freer immigration, and libertarians concerned about the poor should therefore oppose the welfare state.
- “Callous Libertarians”: Missing, or Just Unfairly Maligned? by Bryan Caplan, arguing that even from the bleeding-heart libertarian perspective, freer immigration should be a higher priority than defending the welfare state.
- More Liberaltarian than Thou and The Conscience of a Libertarian, blog posts by the non-bleeding-heart libertarian Bryan Caplan arguing that liberaltarians (a slight variant of bleeding-heart libertarians) should value open borders higher than the welfare state.