This is one of several pages linking to information about the immigration and emigration policies and outcomes of specific countries, and implications for discussions of open borders.

Germany is a rich country in Western Europe with a population of about 80 million. For more, see the Wikipedia pages on Germany and immigration to Germany.

Germany is significant in discussions of migration and open borders in the following ways:

  • From 1949 to 1989, Germany was partitioned into East Germany and West Germany. The communist government of East Germany did not allow people (other than senior citizens) to leave the country. Their efforts to seal the border to emigration offer interesting historical lessons on border control.
  • West Germany had an extensive guest worker program called Gastarbeiter intended to meet labor shortages in various industries. While many of the guest workers, many others did not, and instead set down roots in Germany. German society is still faced with the challenges of integrating these migrants into German society.
  • Germany has historically been a country with net emigration. This has been changed in the second half of the 20th century. Thus, Germany has experience both as a country with net emigration and as a country with net immigration.

Blog posts on Germany in the context of migration and open borders:

See also all Open Borders blog posts tagged Germany and the Offene Grenzen website.

"The Efficient, Egalitarian, Libertarian, Utilitarian Way to Double World GDP" — Bryan Caplan